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Essential Oil Profile: Angelica Root

April 14, 2020

by Jeffrey S. Hoard Common Name: Angelica Latin Binomial: Angelica archangelica L. Family: Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) Other Common Names: Angel’s Herb, Root of the Holy Spirit, Garden Angelica, Archangelica officinalis Part Used: Root (An oil is also distilled from the seed – see below.) Production Method: Steam Distillation Countries of Origin: Angelica archangelica is considered to be

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Essential Oil Profile: Aniseed

April 14, 2020

by Jeffrey S. Hoard Common Name: Anise, Anise Seed, Aniseed Latin Binomial: Pimpinella anisum Family: Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) Other Common Names: Anisum officinalis, Anisum vulgare Part Used: Seeds, dried and crushed. Production Method: Steam distillation. Countries of Origin: Native to the eastern Mediterranean region and Southwest Asia. Poland and Russia are among the largest producers of Aniseed oil from locally

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Essential Oil Profile: Basil

April 14, 2020

by Amelia E. Stone, RN Common Name: Basil (ct. linalool) Latin Binomial: Optimum basilicum L. Family: Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Other Common Names: Sweet basil and common basil Production Method: steam-distilled Countries of Origin: tropical Asia and Africa, Egypt Typical Constituents: Linalool (34.4%), Eugenol (33.7%), Linoleic & linolenic acids (9.7%), 1,8-Cineole (3.1%), T-Cadinol (1.9%), Palmitic acid

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Essential Oil Profile: Bay

April 14, 2020

by Amelia E. Hoard, RN Common Name: Bay Synonyms: laurel, bay sweet, true bay, Mediterranean bay, and West Indian bay Latin Binomial: Laurus nobilis Family: Lauraceae Production Method: steam distillation of leaves and branchlets Countries of Origin: Southwest Asia, Mediterranean region, West India Typical Constituents: Eugenol (44.4-56.2%), b-Myrcene (6.4-25.0%), Chavicol (9.3-21.6%), Linalool (1.7-6.0%), [+]-Limonene

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Essential Oil Profile: Benzoin Absolute

April 14, 2020

by Amelia E. Stone, RN Common Name: Benzoin Latin Binomial: Styrax benzoin Family: Styracaceae Other Common Names: gum benjamin, gum benzoin Production Method: solvent extracted Countries of Origin: Laos Typical Constituents: Benzyl benzoate (39.3%), Benzyl alcohol (38.8%), Benzoic acid (18.4%), Ethyl cinnamate (0.8%) Description of Oil: Resinoid, sticky solid, grayish brown, sweet, like vanilla […]

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Essential Oil Profile: Bergamot

April 14, 2020

by Amelia E. Stone, RN Common Name: Bergamot Latin Binomial: Citrus bergamia Family: Rutaceae Production Method: cold pressed Countries of Origin: Italy Typical Constituents: [+]-Limonene (27.4-52.0%), Linalyl acetate (17.1-40.4%), Linalool (1.7-20.6%), Sabinene (0.8-12.8%), γ-Terpinene (5.0-11.4%), b-Pinene (4.4-11.0%), α-Pinene (0.7-2.2%), b-Myrcene (0.6-1.8%), Neryl acetate (0.1-1.2%) NON-VOLATILE COMPOUNDS: Bergamottin (0.68-2.75%), 5-Geranyloxy-7-methoxycoumarin (0.08-0.68%), Citropten (0.01-0.35%), Bergapten (0.11-0.33%)

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Essential Oil Profile: Birch (Sweet)

April 14, 2020

by Amelia E. Hoard, RN Common Name: Birch (Sweet) Essential Oil Synonyms: B. capinefolia, cherry birch, southern birch, mahogony birch, mountain mahogany Latin Binomial: Betula lenta Family: Betulaceae Production Method: steam distillation of bark Countries of Origin: Canada and USA (mailnly Pennsylvania) Typical Constituents: Methyl salicylate (90.4%), Ethyl salicylate (5.5%), Linalyl acetate (1.1%) Description

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Essential Oil Profile: Black Pepper

April 14, 2020

by Amelia E. Hoard, RN Common Name: Black Pepper Synonyms: Piper, pepper Latin Binomial: Piper nigrum L. Family: Piperaceae Production Method: steam distilled, an oleoresin is also made by solvent extraction. Countries of Origin: India, Indoesia, Malaysia, China, and Madagasgar Typical Constituents: b-Caryophyllene (9.4-30.9%), [+]-Limonene (16.4-24.4), a-Pinene (1.1-16.2%), d-3-Carene (tr-15.5%), b-Pinene (4.9-14.3%), Sabinene (0.1-13.8%)

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Essential Oil Profile: Cajeput

April 14, 2020

by Amelia E. Hoard, RN Common Name: Cajeput Synonyms: cajuput, white tea tree, swamp tea tree, punk tree, paperbark tree, M. minor Latin Binomial: Melaleuca cajeputi Family: Myrtaceae Production Method: Steam distilled from the fresh leaves and twigs. Countries of Origin: Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Java, Australia and south east Asia Typical Constituents:

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Essential Oil Profile: Calamus

April 14, 2020

by Amelia E. Hoard, RN Common Name: Calamus Synonyms: East Asian Calamus, Jammu calamus, sweet flag, Calamus aromaticus, sweet root, sweet rush, sweet myrtle, myrtle grass, myrtle sedge, cinnamon sedge Latin Binomial: Acorus calamus var. angustatus Family: Araceae Production Method: steam distilled roots Countries of Origin: India, Russia, Nepal, China some varities are found

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Essential Oil Profile: Camphor (White Fraction)

April 14, 2020

by Amelia E. Hoard, RN Common Name: Camphor (white) Synonyms: Hon-sho, true camphor, laurel camphor, gum camphor, Japenese camphor, Formosa camphor Latin Binomial: Cinnamomum camphora Family: Lauraceae Production Method: steam distillation Countries of Origin: Native to Japan, Taiwan and China; cultivated in India, Ceylon, Egypt, Madagasgar, southern Europe and America. Typical Constituents: [+]-Limonene (44.2%), r-Cymene

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Essential Oil Profile: Caraway

April 14, 2020

by Amelia E. Hoard, RN Common Name: Caraway Synonyms: Apium carvi, carum Latin Binomial: Carum carvi Family: Apiaceae Production Method: steam distilled from ripe dried, crushed seed Countries of Origin: Native to Europe and Western Asia, now widely cultivated. Typical Constituents: [+]-Carvone (47.3-59.5%), [+]-Limonene (36.9-48.8%), b-Myrcene (0.2-1.0%) Description of Oil: pale yellow to brownish

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