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Essential Oil Profile: Cardamon

April 14, 2020

by Amelia E. Hoard, RN Common Name: Cardamon Synonyms: cardamom, cardomon Latin Binomial: Elettaria cardamomum Family: Zingiberaceae Production Method: steam distilled from ripe dried, crushed seed Countries of Origin: A native of tropical Asia, now cultivated in Sri Lanka, India, Guatemala and El Salvador. Typical Constituents: 1,8-Cineole (26.5-44.6%), a-Terpinyl acetate (29.2-39.7%), Linalyl acetate (0.7-7.7%)

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Essential Oil Profile: Carrot Seed

April 14, 2020

by Jeffrey S. Hoard Common Name: Carrot Latin Binomial: Daucus carota Family: Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) Other Common Names: Queen Anne’s Lace, Wild Carrot, Bird’s Nest Part Used: Seed Production Method: The oil is steam distilled from the dried seed. Seeds may or may not be crushed before distillation. Countries of Origin: France, Egypt, Hungary, India, The Netherlands

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Essential Oil Profile: Cassia

April 14, 2020

by Amelia E. Hoard, RN Common Name: Cassia Synonyms: Chinese cinnamon, false cinnamon, cassia cinnamon, cassia lignea, C. aromaticum, Laurus cassia Latin Binomial: Cinnamomum cassia Family: Lauraceae Production Method: steam distilled leaves and twigs Countries of Origin: Native to southeastern China Typical Constituents: [E]-Cinnamaldehyde (73.2-89.4%), [Z]-Cinnamaldehyde (0.8%-12.3%), [E]-Cinnamyl acetate, Benzaldehyde (0.4-2.3%), 2-Phenylethyl acetate (0.4-2.3%), a-Terpineol

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Essential Oil Profile: Catnip

April 14, 2020

by Amelia E. Hoard, RN Common Name: Catnip Synonyms: catmint Latin Binomial: Nepeta cataria L. Family: Lamiaceae Production Method: steam distilled Countries of Origin: Europe, USA Typical Constituents: Nepetalactone isomers (12.7-84%), Nepetalic acid (1.2-43%), Dihydronepetalactone (0-25.0%), b-Caryophyllene (6.2-24.6%), Caryophyllene oxide (14.3-19.4%), [E]-b-Farnesene (0-2.1%), Humulene oxide (1.0-1.6%), Piperitone (0-1.5%), a-Caryophyllene (0-1.3%), b-Elemene (0-1.2%), 3-Hexenyl ester

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Essential Oil Profile: Cedarwood (Atlas)

April 14, 2020

by Amelia E. Hoard, RN Common Name: Cedarwood (Atlas) Synonyms: Moroccan cedar, Atlantic cedar Latin Binomial: Cedrus atlantica Family: Pinaceae Production Method: steam distilled from wood, stumps, or sawdust Countries of Origin: Native to the Atlas mountains of Algeria, Morocco Typical Constituents: b-Himachalene (30.8-40.4%), a- Himachalene (10.3-16.4%), [E]-a-Atlantone (5.2-13.4%), g-Himachalene (6.7-9.7%), Deodarone (1.2-6.7), [E]-g- […]

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Essential Oil Profile: Cedarwood (Himalayan)

April 14, 2020

by Amelia E. Hoard, RN Common Name: Cedarwood (Himalayan) Synonyms: Deodar cedarwood Latin Binomial: Cedrus deodara Family: Pinaceae Production Method: steam distallation of wood Countries of Origin: Himalayan mountains from eastern Afganistan to north western India. Typical Constituents: a- Himachalene (20.0-30.0%), a-Cedrene (12.0-16.0%), b-Himachalene (8.0-13.0%), [E]-a-Atlantone (5.0-7.0%), Deodarone (4.0-6.0%), [Z]-a-Atlantone (2.0-3.0%), b-Cedrene (0.5-1.5%), allo-Himachalol (0.5-1.5%), Cedrol

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Essential Oil Profile: Cedarwood (Red)

April 14, 2020

by Amelia E. Hoard, RN Common Name: Cedarwood (Red) Synonyms: Cedarwood (Virginian) Latin Binomial: Juniperus virginiana Family: Cupressacae Production Method: steam distilled from wood Countries of Origin: USA; central Virginia, North Carolina and northern edge of South Carolina Typical Constituents: a-Cedrene (21.1-38.0%), Thujopsene (21.3-23.4%), Cedrol (12.3-22.2%), b-Cedrene (8.2-9.2%), a-Selinene (3.0%), Widdrol (1.9-2.3%), b-Himachalene (2.1%), b-Chamigrene

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Essential Oil Profile: Chamomile (German)

April 14, 2020

by Amelia E. Hoard, RN   Common Name: Chamomile (German) Synonyms: Blue chamomile, Hungarian chamomile Latin Binomial: Matricaria chamomilla Family: Asteraceae (Compositae) Production Method: steam distilled from flowers Countries of Origin: Native to central and northern Europe; cultivated in Hungary, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Russia, Germany, Belgium and Spain. Typical Constituents: Farmesene/chamazulene CT (Bulgarian) Farnesene (27.7%), Chamazulene […]

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Essential Oil Profile: Chamomile (Roman)

April 14, 2020

by Amelia E. Hoard, RN   Common Name: Chamomile (Roman) Synonyms: Chamamelum nobile,Garden chamomile Latin Binomial: Anthemis nobili Family: Compositae or Asteraceae Production Method: Steam distilled from the flowering tops. Countries of Origin: Native to western Europe, now cultivated in England, Belgium, France and Hungary. Typical Constituents: Isobutyl angelate (0-37.4%), Butyl angelate (0-34.9%), 3-Methylpentyl angelate

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Essential Oil Profile: Cinnamon (Bark)

April 14, 2020

by Amelia E. Hoard, RN Common Name: Cinnamon (Bark) Synonyms: Cinnamomum verum J. Presl. Latin Binomial: Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume Family: Lauracea Production Method: steam or water distillation with cohabitation Countries of Origin: Native to Sri Lanka, India, and Southeast Asia Typical Constituents: [E]-Cinnmaldehyde (63.1-75.7%), Eugenol (2.0-13.3%), [E]-Cinnamyl acetate (0.3-10.6%), Linalool (0.2-7.0%), b-Caryophyllene (1.3-5.8%), r-Cymene (1.7-2.5%),

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Essential Oil Profile: Cistus

April 14, 2020

by Amelia E. Stone, RN   Common Name: Cistus Latin Binomial: Cistus landiferus Family: Cistaceae Other Common Names: Rock Rose, European Rock Rose, Labdanum Production Method: Steam Distilled Countries of Origin: Spain Typical Constituents: α-Pinene (4.9-44.0%), 3-Phenylproprionic acid (0-22.2%), Camphene (1.4-7.0%), α-Selinene (0-6.4%), ρ-Cymene (2.1-6.3%), Caryophyllene oxide (0-4.4%), Viridiflorol (1.4-3.7%), Heptyl vinyl ketone (0-2.9%), α-Terpineol (0-2.4%),

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Essential Oil Profile: Clary Sage

April 14, 2020

by Marie Temmen   Common name: Clary Sage Latin binomial: Salvia sclarea Plant family: Labiatae History/folklore: Clary sage has an interesting history that reveals itself in the names which were applied to this plant. Medieval authors called the herb “clear eye” and considered it beneficial in healing visual problems. The name “clary” is derived from

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