Essential Oil Profile: Orange (Bitter)

by Amelia E. Stone, RN


Common Name: Orange (bitter)

Latin Binomial: Citrus aurantinum

Family: Rutaceae

Other Common Names: Seville orange

Production Method: cold pressed, expression

Countries of Origin: Brazil

Typical Constituents: [+]-Limonene (89.7-94.7%), b-Myrcene (1.6-2.4%), Linalool (0.1-2.0%), NON-VOLATILE COMPOUNDS: Bergapten (0.035-0.073%), Epoxy-bergamottin (0.082%), Psoralen (0.007%)

Description of Oil: dark or brownish yellow, fresh, dry, almost floral odor with a rich, sweet undertone

Description of Plant: smaller, darker fruits than the sweet orange

Properties and Uses: anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, astringent, bactericidal, carminative, fungicidal, stomachic, tonic

Precautions and Contraindications: Skin sensitization if oxidized

References: : Lawless, Julia. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Essential Oils. Shaftesbury, Dorset. Element Books. 1995.

Tisserand, Robert, and Tony Balacs. Essential Oil Safety: A Guide for Health Care Professionals. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone. 1995.

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