by Amelia E. Stone, RN\n \nCommon Name: Cistus\nLatin Binomial: Cistus landiferus\nFamily: Cistaceae\nOther Common Names: Rock Rose, European Rock Rose, Labdanum\nProduction Method: Steam Distilled\nCountries of Origin: Spain\nTypical Constituents: α-Pinene (4.9-44.0%), 3-Phenylproprionic acid (0-22.2%), Camphene (1.4-7.0%), α-Selinene (0-6.4%), ρ-Cymene (2.1-6.3%), Caryophyllene oxide (0-4.4%), Viridiflorol (1.4-3.7%), Heptyl vinyl ketone (0-2.9%), α-Terpineol (0-2.4%), Fenchone (1.4-2.3%), Bornyl acetate (1.2-2.1%), 2,2,6-Trimethylcyclohexanone (1.7-2.0%), α-ρ-Dimethylstyrene (0-1.9%), Pinocarveol (0-1.8%), [Z]-Tagetenone (0-1.8%), Terpinen-4-ol (0-1.8%), Benzyl 3-phenylpropionate (0-1.7%), [E]-Cinnamic acid (0-1.4%), Borneol (1.1-1.3%), Pinocamphone (0-1.3%), Verbenone (0-1.2%), Ledol (0-1.1%),Germacrene D (0-1.0%)\nDescription of Oil: pale orange with a sweet, warm-herbaceous, musky-like odor\nDescription of Plant: small sticky shrub with lance-shaped leaves which are white and furry on the underside, fragrant white flowers\nHistory, Folklore and Myth: Imported into Ancient Egypt from Crete. Combined with frankincense, myrrh and galbanum to make insence during the time of Christ.\nProperties and Uses: antimicrobial, antiseptic, astringent, emmenagogue, expectorant, sedative, vulnerary\nPrecautions and Contraindications: None known\nOther Interesting Information: The gum is obtained by boiling the leaves and twigs in water. The oil is then obtained from the gum by distillation.\n \nReferences: Battaglia, Salvatore. The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy. Virginia, Queensland, Australia: The Perfect Potion. 1995.\nLawless, Julia. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Essential Oils. Shaftesbury, Dorset. Element Books. 1995.\nTisserand, Robert, and Tony Balacs. Essential Oil Safety: A Guide for Health Care Professionals. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone. 1995.