\n\tby Amelia E. Stone, RN\n\n\n\t \n\n\n\tCommon Name: Cistus\n\n\n\tLatin Binomial: Cistus landiferus\n\n\n\tFamily: Cistaceae\n\n\n\tOther Common Names: Rock Rose, European Rock Rose, Labdanum\n\n\n\tProduction Method: Steam Distilled\n\n\n\tCountries of Origin: Spain\n\n\n\tTypical Constituents: α-Pinene (4.9-44.0%), 3-Phenylproprionic acid (0-22.2%), Camphene (1.4-7.0%), α-Selinene (0-6.4%), ρ-Cymene (2.1-6.3%), Caryophyllene oxide (0-4.4%), Viridiflorol (1.4-3.7%), Heptyl vinyl ketone (0-2.9%), α-Terpineol (0-2.4%), Fenchone (1.4-2.3%), Bornyl acetate (1.2-2.1%), 2,2,6-Trimethylcyclohexanone (1.7-2.0%), α-ρ-Dimethylstyrene (0-1.9%), Pinocarveol (0-1.8%), [Z]-Tagetenone (0-1.8%), Terpinen-4-ol (0-1.8%), Benzyl 3-phenylpropionate (0-1.7%), [E]-Cinnamic acid (0-1.4%), Borneol (1.1-1.3%), Pinocamphone (0-1.3%), Verbenone (0-1.2%), Ledol (0-1.1%),Germacrene D (0-1.0%)\n\n\n\tDescription of Oil: pale orange with a sweet, warm-herbaceous, musky-like odor\n\n\n\tDescription of Plant: small sticky shrub with lance-shaped leaves which are white and furry on the underside, fragrant white flowers\n\n\n\tHistory, Folklore and Myth: Imported into Ancient Egypt from Crete. Combined with frankincense, myrrh and galbanum to make insence during the time of Christ.\n\n\n\tProperties and Uses: antimicrobial, antiseptic, astringent, emmenagogue, expectorant, sedative, vulnerary\n\n\n\tPrecautions and Contraindications: None known\n\n\n\tOther Interesting Information: The gum is obtained by boiling the leaves and twigs in water. The oil is then obtained from the gum by distillation.\n\n\n\t \n\n\n\tReferences: Battaglia, Salvatore. The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy. Virginia, Queensland, Australia: The Perfect Potion. 1995.\n\n\n\tLawless, Julia. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Essential Oils. Shaftesbury, Dorset. Element Books. 1995.\n\n\n\tTisserand, Robert, and Tony Balacs. Essential Oil Safety: A Guide for Health Care Professionals. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone. 1995.