Jun 14 , 2016
by Amelia E. Hoard, RN
Common Name: Black Pepper
Synonyms: Piper, pepper
Latin Binomial: Piper nigrum L.
Production Method: steam distilled, an oleoresin is also made by solvent extraction.
Countries of Origin: India, Indoesia, Malaysia, China, and Madagasgar
Typical Constituents: b-Caryophyllene (9.4-30.9%), [+]-Limonene (16.4-24.4), a-Pinene (1.1-16.2%), d-3-Carene (tr-15.5%), b-Pinene (4.9-14.3%), Sabinene (0.1-13.8%),
b-Bisabolene (0.1-5.2%), a-Copaene (0.1-3.9%), [E]-b-Farnesene (tr-3.3%),
Description of Oil: Clear to pale greenish in color with a fresh, dry-woody, warm-spicy odor.
Description of Plant: A perennial vine native to southern India and Indonesia that climbs to about 5 m, it bears dark green leaves, white flowers and red fruits.
History, Folklore and Myth: A very old and revered spice, black pepper was used in India over 4000 years ago mainly for liver and urinary disorders. So popular in Rome, it was used to pay taxes.
Properties and Uses: Analgesic, Antiemetic, Aphrodisiac, Cardiac, Detoxifying, Digestive, Stimulant, and Tonyifying
Precautions and Contraindications: Avoid oxidation by storing in the refridgerator.
Battaglia, Salvatore. The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy. Virginia, Queensland, Australia: The Perfect Potion. 1995.
Lawless, Julia. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Essential Oils. Shaftesbury, Dorset. Element Books. 1995.
Tisserand, Robert, and Tony Balacs. Essential Oil Safety: A Guide for Health Care Professionals. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone. 1995.
Sellar, Wanda. The Directory of Essential Oils. London: Random House. 2005