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Essential Oil Profile: Cinnamon (Bark)

July 09, 2016

by Amelia E. Hoard, RN Common Name: Cinnamon (Bark) Synonyms: Cinnamomum verum J. Presl. Latin Binomial: Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume Family: Lauracea Production Method: steam or water distillation with cohabitation Countries of Origin: Native to Sri Lanka, India, and Southeast Asia Typical Constituents: [E]-Cinnmaldehyde (63.1-75.7%), Eugenol (2.0-13.3%), [E]-Cinnamyl acetate (0.3-10.6%), Linalool (0.2-7.0%), b-Caryophyllene (1.3-5.8%), r-Cymene (1.7-2.5%), […]

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Essential Oil Profile: Chamomile (Roman)

July 09, 2016

by Amelia E. Hoard, RN   Common Name: Chamomile (Roman) Synonyms: Chamamelum nobile,Garden chamomile Latin Binomial: Anthemis nobili Family: Compositae or Asteraceae Production Method: Steam distilled from the flowering tops. Countries of Origin: Native to western Europe, now cultivated in England, Belgium, France and Hungary. Typical Constituents: Isobutyl angelate (0-37.4%), Butyl angelate (0-34.9%), 3-Methylpentyl angelate […]

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Essential Oil Profile: Chamomile (German)

July 09, 2016

by Amelia E. Hoard, RN   Common Name: Chamomile (German) Synonyms: Blue chamomile, Hungarian chamomile Latin Binomial: Matricaria chamomilla Family: Asteraceae (Compositae) Production Method: steam distilled from flowers Countries of Origin: Native to central and northern Europe; cultivated in Hungary, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Russia, Germany, Belgium and Spain. Typical Constituents: Farmesene/chamazulene CT (Bulgarian) Farnesene (27.7%), Chamazulene […]

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Essential Oil Profile: Cedarwood (Red)

July 07, 2016

by Amelia E. Hoard, RN Common Name: Cedarwood (Red) Synonyms: Cedarwood (Virginian) Latin Binomial: Juniperus virginiana Family: Cupressacae Production Method: steam distilled from wood Countries of Origin: USA; central Virginia, North Carolina and northern edge of South Carolina Typical Constituents: a-Cedrene (21.1-38.0%), Thujopsene (21.3-23.4%), Cedrol (12.3-22.2%), b-Cedrene (8.2-9.2%), a-Selinene (3.0%), Widdrol (1.9-2.3%), b-Himachalene (2.1%), b-Chamigrene […]

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Essential Oil Profile: Cedarwood (Himalayan)

July 07, 2016

by Amelia E. Hoard, RN   Common Name: Cedarwood (Himalayan) Synonyms: Deodar cedarwood Latin Binomial: Cedrus deodara Family: Pinaceae Production Method: steam distallation of wood Countries of Origin: Himalayan mountains from eastern Afganistan to north western India. Typical Constituents: a- Himachalene (20.0-30.0%), a-Cedrene (12.0-16.0%),  b-Himachalene (8.0-13.0%), [E]-a-Atlantone (5.0-7.0%),  Deodarone (4.0-6.0%),  [Z]-a-Atlantone (2.0-3.0%), b-Cedrene (0.5-1.5%), allo-Himachalol (0.5-1.5%), Cedrol […]

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Essential Oil Profile: Cedarwood (Atlas)

July 07, 2016

by Amelia E. Hoard, RN   Common Name: Cedarwood (Atlas) Synonyms: Moroccan cedar, Atlantic cedar Latin Binomial: Cedrus atlantica Family: Pinaceae Production Method: steam distilled from wood, stumps, or sawdust Countries of Origin: Native to the Atlas mountains of Algeria, Morocco Typical Constituents: b-Himachalene (30.8-40.4%), a- Himachalene (10.3-16.4%), [E]-a-Atlantone (5.2-13.4%), g-Himachalene (6.7-9.7%), Deodarone (1.2-6.7), [E]-g- […]

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Essential Oil Profile: Catnip

June 28, 2016

by Amelia E. Hoard, RN   Common Name: Catnip Synonyms: catmint Latin Binomial: Nepeta cataria L. Family: Lamiaceae Production Method: steam distilled Countries of Origin: Europe, USA Typical Constituents: Nepetalactone isomers (12.7-84%), Nepetalic acid (1.2-43%), Dihydronepetalactone (0-25.0%), b-Caryophyllene (6.2-24.6%), Caryophyllene oxide (14.3-19.4%), [E]-b-Farnesene (0-2.1%), Humulene oxide (1.0-1.6%), Piperitone (0-1.5%), a-Caryophyllene (0-1.3%), b-Elemene (0-1.2%), 3-Hexenyl ester […]

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Essential Oil Profile: Cardamon

June 28, 2016

by Amelia E. Hoard, RN   Common Name: Cardamon Synonyms: cardamom, cardomon Latin Binomial: Elettaria cardamomum Family: Zingiberaceae Production Method: steam distilled from ripe dried, crushed seed Countries of Origin: A native of tropical Asia, now cultivated in Sri Lanka, India, Guatemala and El Salvador. Typical Constituents: 1,8-Cineole (26.5-44.6%), a-Terpinyl acetate (29.2-39.7%), Linalyl acetate (0.7-7.7%), […]

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Essential Oil Profile: Cassia

June 28, 2016

by Amelia E. Hoard, RN   Common Name: Cassia Synonyms: Chinese cinnamon, false cinnamon, cassia cinnamon, cassia lignea, C. aromaticum, Laurus cassia Latin Binomial: Cinnamomum cassia Family: Lauraceae Production Method: steam distilled leaves and twigs Countries of Origin: Native to southeastern China Typical Constituents: [E]-Cinnamaldehyde (73.2-89.4%), [Z]-Cinnamaldehyde (0.8%-12.3%), [E]-Cinnamyl acetate, Benzaldehyde (0.4-2.3%),  2-Phenylethyl acetate (0.4-2.3%), a-Terpineol […]

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Essential Oil Profile: Caraway

June 28, 2016

by Amelia E. Hoard, RN   Common Name: Caraway Synonyms: Apium carvi, carum Latin Binomial: Carum carvi Family: Apiaceae Production Method: steam distilled from ripe dried, crushed seed Countries of Origin: Native to Europe and Western Asia, now widely cultivated. Typical Constituents: [+]-Carvone (47.3-59.5%), [+]-Limonene (36.9-48.8%),  b-Myrcene (0.2-1.0%) Description of Oil: pale yellow to brownish […]

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Essential Oil Profile: Camphor (White Fraction)

June 14, 2016

by Amelia E. Hoard, RN Common Name: Camphor (white) Synonyms: Hon-sho, true camphor, laurel camphor, gum camphor, Japenese camphor, Formosa camphor Latin Binomial: Cinnamomum camphora Family: Lauraceae Production Method: steam distillation Countries of Origin: Native to Japan, Taiwan and China; cultivated in India, Ceylon, Egypt, Madagasgar, southern Europe and America. Typical Constituents: [+]-Limonene (44.2%), r-Cymene […]

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Essential Oil Profile: Calamus

June 14, 2016

by Amelia E. Hoard, RN   Common Name: Calamus Synonyms: East Asian Calamus, Jammu calamus, sweet flag, Calamus aromaticus, sweet root, sweet rush, sweet myrtle, myrtle grass, myrtle sedge, cinnamon sedge Latin Binomial: Acorus calamus var. angustatus Family: Araceae Production Method: steam distilled roots Countries of Origin: India, Russia, Nepal, China some varities are found […]

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