Feb 24 , 2015
By Amelia E. Stone, RN
Common Name: Lime
Latin Binomial: Citrus aurantifolia
Other Common Names: West Indian lime, Key lime, Mexican lime, sour lime
Production Method: Cold Pressed & Steam Distilled
Countries of Origin: Persia (cold pressed), Mexico (steam distilled)
Typical Constituents: DISTILLED: [+]-Limonene + 1,8-cineole (55.6%), γ-Terpinene (11.8%), α-Terpineol (6.6%), Terpinolene (5.2%), b-Myrcene (2.6%), [Z]- b-Terpineol (2.2%), Terpinene-1-ol (1.9%), α-Pinene (1.8%), b-Pinene (1.8%), 1,4-Cineole (1.8%), ρ-Cymene (1.5%), Terpinen-4-ol (1.3%), α-Fenchol (1.1%)
COLD PRESSED: [+]-Limonene (48.2%), b- Pinene (21.1%), γ-Terpinene (8.1%), Sabinene (3.1%), α-Pinene (2.5%), Geranial (2.4%), b-Bisabolene (1.8%), Neral (1.4%), b-Myrcene (1.3%), [E]- α-Bergamotene (1.1%), b-Caryophyllene (1.0%), [2E, 26E]- α-Farnesene (1.0%)
NON-VOLATILE COMPOUNDS: 7-Methoxy-5-geranoxycoumarin (1.7-5.2%), 5-Geranoxy-7-methoxycoumarin (1.7-3.2%), Bergamottin (1.7-3.0%), Citropten (0.4-2.2%), Isopimpinellin (0.1-1.3%), 5-Geroxy-8-methoxypsoralen (0.2-0.9%), Bergapten (0.17-0.33%), Oxypeucedanin (0.02-0.3%), 8-Geranoxypsoralen (0.10-0.14%)
Description of Oil: DISTILLED: clear to pale yellow; sharp, fruity citrus odor
COLD PRESSED: yellowish green to olive green; intensely fresh, rich citrus odor
Description of Plant: Mexican limes are smaller than Persian with a smooth, thin peel. Persian limes are larger and seedless.
History, Folklore and Myth: Introduced to Europe by the Moors and brought to America by the Spanish and Portuguese around the 16th century. Ship crews depended on the lime juice to prevent scurvy. The oil has been used in the beverage industry since the 19th century.
Properties and Uses: antiseptic, antiviral, astringent, bactericide, disinfectant, febrifuge, haemostatic, insecticide, tonic
Precautions and Contraindications: Maximum dermal use level 0.7%. Storage in a dark, airtight container in the refrigerator will prevent oxidation of cold pressed oil.
References: Battaglia, Salvatore. The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy. Virginia, Queensland, Australia: The Perfect Potion. 1995.
Tisserand, Robert, and Tony Balacs. Essential Oil Safety: A Guide for Health Care Professionals. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone. 1995.
Sellar, Wanda. The Directory of Essential Oils. London: Random House. 2005