Common Name: Caraway
Synonyms: Apium carvi, carum
Latin Binomial: Carum carvi
Production Method: steam distilled from ripe dried, crushed seed
Countries of Origin: Native to Europe and Western Asia, now widely cultivated.
Description of Oil: pale yellow to brownish with an intense warm, spicy odor
Description of Plant: A biennial herb with a many branched stem, finely defined leaves, and white flowers. The seeds are curved with five distinct pale ridges.
History, Folklore and Myth: Sometimes known as ‘Meadow Cumin’, with a history dating back to the Stone Age. Used in Egypt as flavoring and found in burial places, in Rome to flavor bread and gained a reputation in Arabia for sharpening eyesight and sweetening breath.
Properties and Uses: Antiseptic, antispasmodic, aperitif, astringent, carminative, diuretic, digestive, emmenagogue, expectorant, stimulant, spasmolytic, stomachic, tonic, vermifuge.
Precautions and Contraindications: non-toxic and non-sensitizing