Common Name: Bergamot
Latin Binomial: Citrus bergamia
Production Method: cold pressed
Countries of Origin: Italy
Description of Oil: delicate and refreshing, something like orange and lemon with mild floral overtones
Description of Plant: A fifteen foot tree with long green leaves and star shaped white flowers. It produces a small pitted, pear shaped fruit.
History, Folklore and Myth: One author believes the oil to have been named after the Italian city of Bergamo in Lombardy where the oil was first sold. Others say Coloumbus brought bergamot from the Canary Islands to Berga, in Spain before it made its way to Italy. Used in Italian folk medicine for many years primarily for fever and worms.
Properties and Uses: analgesic, antidepressant, antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, anxiollytic, carminative, deodarant, digestive, febrifuge, insecticide, nervine neuroprotective
Precautions and Contraindications: HAZARDS: Phototoxic (moderate risk); may be photocarcinogenic.
CONTRAINDICATIONS (DERMAL): If applied to the skin at over maximum use level, skin must not be exposed to sunlight or sunbed rays for 12 hours. Maximum dermal use level 0.4%. CAUTIONS: Old or oxidized oils should be avoided.
Other Interesting Information: Earl Grey tea is flavored with bergamot.
Non-toxic at low levels. Phototoxic. Possible carcinogenic. Possible skin irritant.
Bergamot Essential Oil Profile