Common Name: Basil (ct. linalool)
Latin Binomial: Optimum basilicum L.
Family: Lamiaceae (Labiatae)
Other Common Names: Sweet basil and common basil
Production Method: steam-distilled
Countries of Origin: tropical Asia and Africa, Egypt
Description of Oil: clear, sweet, spicy, fresh
Description of Plant: A hardy annual found in tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. It grows to 1-3 ft., with quadrangular stems, white flowers and light to dark green leaves.
History, Folklore and Myth: Basil takes its name from Latin for a royal ‘basileum’. Regarded in India as the incarnation of Lakshmi, goddess of fortune and beauty. Recommended by Pliny against jaundice and epilepsy and as a diuretic. Prescribed in the Middle Ages for melancholy and depression.
Properties and Uses: Analgesic, antidepressant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, digestive, nervine and expectorant are some.
Precautions and Contraindications: none found